Invisible People – Invisible Children
Subject: nationality, birth registration, non person
A name and a nationality are human rights
Article 7 of the CRC gives every child the right to be registered at birth by the state within whose jurisdiction the child is born. This means that states must make birth registration accessible and available to all children including asylum seekers, refugees and immigrants.
Drawing from the right to a name and nationality contained in this article 7, the 2002 General Assembly Resolution ‘A World Fit for Children‘ reaffirms governments’ commitment to ensure the birth registration of all children and to invest in educate and protect children from harm and exploitation. In order to achieve these goals, it is necessary for governments to have accurate population data in order to plan services provision for children and their caregivers.
During the 1990s, there was growing awareness of the importance of prompt birth registration as an essential means of protecting a child’s right to identity, as well as respect for other children’s rights. The lack of a birth certificate may prevent a child from receiving health care, nutritional supplements and social assistance, and from being enrolled in school. Later in childhood, identity documents help protect children against early marriage, child labor, premature enlistment in the armed forces or, if accused of a crime, prosecution as an adult.
Infor source 2: Fact Sheets – Birth Registration, from UNICEF, April 25th 2009
The right to a name and nationality is well established. However, in 2000 alone, some 50 million births went unregistered – over 40 per cent of all estimated births worldwide that year. These unregistered children are almost always from poor, marginalized or displaced families or from countries where systems of registration are not in place or functional.
Globally, South Asia has the largest number of unregistered children, with approximately 22.5 million, or over 40 per cent of the world’s unregistered births in 2000. In sub-Saharan Africa, 70 per cent of all births went unregistered in 2000. In South Asia, the figure was 63 per cent. In the Middle East and North Africa, nearly one third of the children born in 2000 were unregistered, while in East Asia and the Pacific, 22 per cent of births were not registered.
Info Source 3: The invisible children, report from Invisiblechildren.org, one recent and randomly selected, April 25th 2009
The Lords Resistance Army’s violent tactics have devastated the populations of four nations in east and central Africa; we now have the opportunity to stand in solidarity with the affected populations and urge for action from the international community to protect innocent civilians and rescue children senselessly involved with this war. Join us April 25th in 100 cities in 9 nations for The Rescue.
Info source 4: statelessness people status ó NN, from Wikipedia
De facto statelessness is where the subject may have a legally meritorious claim but is precluded from asserting it because of practical considerations such as cost, circumstances of civil disorder, or the fear of persecution.
Comment: By undocumented people common people and media mean somehow illegal immigrants, refugees, gypsies, perhaps keeping our mind save. Unfortunately most invisible people are “native” children born in existent countries and many of them potentially leading the world development.
Categories: people, invisible people, establishment. people rights
Tags: invisible people, NN, invisible children, statelessness, statelessness people, gypsies, refugees, war children, De facto statelessness, De jure statelessness, UNICEF, China, India, Chindia, child birth registration, CBR, CRC, Beijing, citizens, citizenship, non person,